What Is a Bitcoin Wallet?

Updated by Loren Oller verified symbol on July 12, 2022

A Bitcoin wallet is a cryptocurrency wallet that stores BTC, the most popular digital currency worldwide. Unlike traditional electronic wallets, a Bitcoin wallet uses a different underlying technology, making it unique and keeping your "digital gold" securely stored and hidden away from everyone but you.

Bitcoin wallets come in several shapes and sizes, and the most popular categorization is hot (software wallets) and cold (hardware wallets). Moreover, Bitcoin wallets can focus on BTC alone or accept other cryptocurrencies. 

This article will cover all you need to know about a BTC wallet. We'll cover how a Bitcoin wallet works and what you need to do to set up a wallet successfully. Moreover, we'll make a clear distinction between the different types of Bitcoin wallets and help you determine the best option for you.

How Does a Bitcoin Wallet Work?

A Bitcoin wallet is a software or hardware that can store your cryptocurrencies. Unlike real wallets, Bitcoin wallets don't store your BTC. Instead, they provide a private key that lets you access your BTC, all located on the Bitcoin blockchain. In a way, your private key proves that you're an owner of a particular portion of BTC.

A private key is like a password, but there's a substantial difference: your private keys aren't saved on any server. Let's take Facebook as an example. If you forget your password, you can contact Facebook support or use their automated systems to change your password using your email. Unfortunately, that's not possible with a crypto wallet. If you lose your private key, there's no way to retrieve it, which means you'll lose your money. Therefore, it's essential to keep your private key stored somewhere safe and be the only one with access to it unless you want to share it with someone you trust 100%.

Every wallet also has a public address, just like your email, except it is used to send and receive cryptocurrencies. So, for example, if you want to make a transaction and send BTC to another user, you need to enter their wallet address and the amount you want to send. The only difference between wallet addresses and emails is that the former is just a random string of characters and numbers (at least at the moment, as they might also become structured in the future).

What Do You Need to Set up a Bitcoin Wallet?

It depends on where you want to store your bitcoins. As already stated, there are software and hardware wallets (we'll discuss them in detail later). 

If you want a software wallet, you need to find the right wallet app that suits you and install it on your computer, Android mobile device, or iOS device. The registration process is quick, as you only need to provide a password as an additional layer of security to avoid having to type in your private key. The good news is that you don't even need to provide your username, email, or anything else, as the majority of the wallets are designed to value your privacy.

Those who want to add additional security and privacy opt for hardware (cold) wallets. A hardware wallet requires owning a piece of hardware where you'll store your BTC. At the moment, the two most popular brands are Ledger and Trezor. Both brands have affordable options, but you can also buy the more expensive models with additional features.

Setting up hardware wallets comes with additional steps, which are available in the instruction manual that comes in the package. If you lose your private key, you'll have to write the seed (recovery) phrase, which usually consists of random words. However, try not to lose the recovery phrase, which would mean losing all your stored funds. After that, you'll have to connect your hardware wallet to your device and transfer your cryptocurrencies.

What Is the Best Way to Store Bitcoin?

The best way to store BTC depends on how often you plan on using them. If you want to use your BTC frequently and aim to make a lot of transactions, you should choose a hot wallet, as they are always connected to the network and offer fast and convenient transactions. However, if your goal is to increase security and "hodl" your funds, you should opt for a cold wallet. They offer additional security, which comes at a price: a lack of convenience for making transactions. Cold wallets are connected to the network only when you need to send or receive BTC. Otherwise, it's not connected, hence the name "cold."

Types of Bitcoin Wallets - Hot or Cold Wallets?

We have already mentioned the main distinction between Bitcoin wallets several times: they are either hot or cold. So let's check them in detail to help you determine which one is a better option for you.

Hot Wallets

A hot Bitcoin wallet is a software wallet. It is accessible online and is the most popular option among BTC users. The main advantage of hot wallets is availability, as you can access them in seconds to make transactions and manage your cryptocurrencies. 

The main disadvantage is security. If someone obtains your wallet credentials, they can access your funds, given that hot wallets are always connected to the internet. Technically speaking, as long as you keep your credentials hidden from the public and do not give your sensitive information to anyone, you should be safe. In reality, however, that's different, and some hot wallet users fall victims to scams.

There are three types of hot wallets: desktop, mobile, and web wallets.

Desktop Wallets

Desktop Bitcoin wallets are programs you need to download to your desktop or laptop computer. Most of them are available for all popular desktop OSs, including Windows, Mac, and Linux.

Mobile Wallets

Mobile wallets are primarily available for Android and iOS tablets and smartphones. Most of them are available via Google Play (for Android) and App Store (for iOS). Please understand that once you install a mobile wallet, your mobile phone technically becomes your wallet, and losing it could become a security threat, as your private key is only stored on your phone and nowhere else.

Web Wallets

Web wallets are added to your web browser as a plugin, meaning you don't have to install them on your desktop computer or mobile device. These wallets are incredibly convenient as you can quickly access them and even connect to certain apps that accept them for fast payments, such as BTC casino platforms. MetaMask is the most famous example of this.

Cold Wallets

Cold wallets aren't connected to the internet all the time and offer an additional layer of protection for your crypto coins. In most cases, they are used as synonyms for hardware wallets, but there are also paper wallets, which aren't the most popular option.

Hardware Wallets

A hardware wallet is technically a piece of hardware with a USB connector. You need to attach it to your computer to access your funds and trade them. When it's not attached, your hardware wallet is not connected to the internet, securing another layer of protection to your BTC.

Even though they provide maximum security, people who make daily BTC transactions don't prefer them. In that case, you should use hardware wallets for storing the funds that you don't plan on moving often and use a software wallet for the rest.

Paper Wallets

Some websites can generate private and public keys and a QR code that you need to print on a piece of paper. The only way to access your funds is with that paper. This is perhaps the safest way to store crypto as there's no user interface, meaning you'll access your funds on the blockchain directly.

Unfortunately, paper wallets pose a risk, as paper is easily destroyed or lost. Therefore, it might be best to stick to the standard hardware and software wallets instead.

Types of Bitcoin Wallets

Cashing Out Your Bitcoin Wallet

Even though you can buy many goods and services with BTC, it's still not as liquid as fiat money, so you might want to cash out your bitcoins and turn them into dollars, euros, or other fiat currencies. First, you need to find an exchange or broker website and basically sell your BTC from your wallet.

To start, open an account at an exchange, providing personal information about you, as many exchanges have strict KYC protocols. After becoming a registered member, you can easily connect your wallet to the exchange and transfer BTC to your exchange balance. Finally, place an order and sell your BTC.

There are other methods to cash out your funds. For example, you can find a Bitcoin ATM where you'll follow the steps to connect your wallet and convert BTC to cash at the current rate.

Finally, you can always engage in peer-to-peer trades and sell your BTC directly to another person for cash.

Bitcoin Wallet Security Tips to Protect You from Theft

Here is some essential advice to help you maximize your security when using a Bitcoin wallet.

  • Use a cold wallet whenever possible. The best practice is to keep only a portion of your BTC in software wallets.
  • Stick to the secure internet when trading. Don't connect to just any Wi-Fi out there, and use a VPN whenever possible.
  • Use multiple wallets. Always store your crypto wealth in several locations to maximize security. Ideally, different wallets should have different purposes. For example, if you enjoy playing at crypto casinos, using a separate wallet for them might be a good idea.
  • Secure the device where your wallet is installed. Use the latest antivirus software and keep the OS updated to maximize security.

Final Thoughts on Bitcoin Wallets

Bitcoin wallets are a great invention as they keep your BTC secure and give you control over them. One of the best ways to store your bitcoins is by using a cold wallet, and many individuals only use those as they don't plan on trading BTC. Instead, they are "hodlers" who play the long game. However, you can also use the software wallet on your computers or smartphone devices to use BTC frequently.


Can someone steal my Bitcoin wallet funds?

Technically, an individual can access your BTC only if they have your private key, so you must ensure it's well protected. Never give your private key to anyone, especially not on the internet. It's best to keep it off the hard drive as well and have it stored somewhere physically.

Can I store other cryptocurrencies in my Bitcoin wallet?

It depends. Some wallets specialize in storing only bitcoins, while others also support numerous cryptocurrencies. Therefore, it's always good to analyze the list of accepted cryptos before choosing a wallet, especially if you want to buy some of them in the future.

Do I have to pay fees for transactions on my Bitcoin wallet?

The Bitcoin network charges a small fee for each transaction, while wallets usually don't have any fees of their own. However, if a wallet is part of an exchange, the exchange may impose additional fees, depending on what you want to do with your BTC.

Does a Bitcoin wallet allow trading Bitcoin for another cryptocurrency?

Some wallets have integrated exchanges, but most of them don't. The best way to trade BTC is to join a cryptocurrency exchange and transfer your BTC from your wallet to your exchange account.

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Loren Oller
Loren Oller verified symbol Author
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I consider myself to be an avid guitar player, sports enthusiast, and a big fan of blackjack and social casinos. My task is pretty easy to resume.. make sure you are well informed on all US casinos that might interest you. I've been writing reviews based on my experiences for a while and I'm happy to say that my work will truly help you even if it's just by telling you the legal gambling laws of a state or the top games that are trending right now!
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